Calculate Cholesterol, Choose TLC Diet to Menu Plan

Being informed and understanding what cholesterol is will provide stronger knowledge of individual “Specimen Information”, which should be requested from your Doctor after having blood drawn. Compare your numbers to the information listed below,  choose your foods wisely to improve your daily nutritional intake, and cleanse your body, optimizing it’s overall function in keeping you healthy.

Cholesterol is a fat,  lipid, or a sterol, from which hormones are made. It is a waxy substance that resembles the very fine scrapings of a whitish-yellow candle. Cholesterol flows through your body via your bloodstream, lipids are oil-based and blood is water-based, they don’t mix. If cholesterol were dumped into your bloodstream, it would congeal into unusable globs.

The fat in these particles are made up of cholesterol, triglycerides and a phospholipid, which helps make the whole particle stick together. Triglycerides are a particular type of fat that have three fatty acids attached to an alcohol called glycerol, composed of 90 percent of the fat in the food you eat. The body needs triglycerides for energy, but as with cholesterol, too much is bad for the arteries and the heart.

  • Total Cholesterol Reference Range: 125-200 mg/dl     
  • HDL Cholesterol Reference Range: 40-60 mg/dl 
  • TriglyceridesReference Range:  <150mg/dl                   
  • Direct LDL Cholesterol Reference Range: 100 – 129 mg/dl

                                                                                                                                                                                                               

Healthy Cholesterol Levels, (HDL) should be greater than 50-60 mg/dl.   HDL is a cholestrol that works within the arteries to reduce accumulation of plaque, that can lead to artherosclerosis, in turn, reducing your risk for heart disease. HDL is monitored to ensure there is enough of it to fight off the plaque build up within the arteries.

 “LDL cholesterol”, explained by Harvard University“in most people, (60-70 % of cholesterol) is carried in LDL particles, which act as ferries, taking cholesterol to the parts of the body that need it. Unfortunately, if you have too much LDL in the bloodstream, it deposits the cholesterol into the arteries, which can cause blockages and lead to heart attacks. The good news is that the amount of LDL in your blood-stream is related to the amount of saturated fat and cholesterol you eat. So, most people can decrease their LDL if they follow a reduced-fat diet.”

VLDL, stated by the “Clinical Reference Laboratory”, expressed as: “VLDL is a major carrier of triglyceride (60 -70% triglyceride 10-15% cholesterol). Circulating fatty acids are converted by the liver to form triglycerides.” Dr. Ginsberg of Columbia university simplifies the definition, “Very-Low Density Lipids are complexes of lipids and proteins assembled in the liver in response to nutrients and hormones. When VLDL are secreted, they carry almost all of the triglyceride in the blood-stream (they are about 85% triglycerides themselves), transporting triglycerides from the liver. When we are overweight, insulin resistant, or have diabetes, our livers secrete more VLDL with more triglycerides on every VLDL particle”.

People have varying degrees of success in lowering their cholesterol by changing their diets.  Meal Plan changes and Exercise both contribute to  lowering cholesterol and are highly recommended before pharmaceuticals are introduced. High cholesterol due to dietary intake of high saturated  foods (anything with animal fat) could be lowered by 5% to 20% with nutritional changes. The Therapeutic Lifestyle Change (TLC) Diet is recommended by the National Cholesterol Education Program of the U.S. National Institutes of Health. 

Calculating total cholesterol helps to put the pieces of the whole together.   The math equation for calculating total cholesterol is:

Total Cholesterol Formula  (TC) = LDL + HDL + (Triglycerides/5)

  • Sample lipid panel
  • Cholesterol, Total=195
  • HDL Cholesterol=55
  • Triglycerides = 100  (100/5=20)
  • Direct LDL Cholesterol=120

How Total Cholesterol is calculated using the sample numbers listed above.

  • example: (LDL) 120+ (HDL) 55 + 20= 195 (TC) Total Cholesterol

Calculating:  VLDL=Triglycerides/5

  • Triglycerides=100
  • example: 100/5=20 (VLDL)
  • Reference Range for VLDL is 5-40 mg/dl

Calculate Cholesterol Ratio

  • Total Cholesterol (mg/dl) / HDL Cholesterol (mg/dl)
  • Example: Total Cholesterol 200 mg/dl/ 50 mg/dl  HDL Cholesterol = 4.1  According to the American Heart Association is to keep your cholesterol ratio at 5 to 1 or lower.
  • Ideal ratio will be 3.5 to 1. Higher cholesterol ratio indicates a risk of heart disease, a lower ratio indicates a reduced risk of heart disease.

 

Various foods, beverages and spices are known for reducing, or interfering with bad cholesterol (LDL) and carrying it out of the body. Choose a variety of foods from the following lists including them at all your meals.

  •  Fruits and Vegetables (totaling 9 per day)
  • Teas
  • Extra Virgin Olive Oil
  • Cinnamon1-4g (1/3 tsp – 1 1/2 tsp a day)
  • Ginger (250 mcg/day capsule form)
  •  Honey 3 1/2 tablespoons / day

Reduce the saturated fat in your diet 

  1. Eat fish 3-4 times a week and benefit from Omega 3!
  2. Limit the amount of meat and milk products.
  3. Choose low-fat products from various food groups.
  4. Replace butter, a saturated fat with: Extra Virgin Olive, Canola, or Peanut oils.  7% of your daily calories should come from saturated fat (200 mg)   with 25% to 35% of daily calories  from unsaturated fat. 
  5.  Your diet should include calories to maintain your desired weight and avoid gaining weight.

Fluids are equally important to a successful diet.  Add 1-2 glasses of water with 1/2 to 1 whole lemon each day. Drink 1-2 cups of Oolong tea each day. Oolong tea burns over 157% more fat than Green Tea and is a popular tea designed to accelerate weight loss. 

TLC Diet is recommended by Doctors as a path for reducing high cholesterol.  Calories/day  1100 – 1695

Lean meat, poultry, fish, dry legumes Choose 5 ounces (140 g)  per day  

  • Anchovies, Mackeral, Sardines, Salmon,
  • Substitute 1/4 cup tofu, or 1/2 cup dry beans or peas for 1 ounce of meat or fish.
  • 2 tablespoons (1 oz) nuts (Almonds, Walnuts, Hazelnuts, Peanuts Soynuts) or seeds
  • Eggs, 2 yolks per week, 1 whole egg. Egg whites or substitutes are okay to eat.
  • Lean Meat. 3 0z. 165 calories, 0 g carbohydrate, 21 g protein, 9 g fat

Low-fat milk products.  Choose 2 per day     

  • 2 to 3 per day
  • 1 cup nonfat or 1% milk
  • 1 cup nonfat or low-fat yogurt
  • 1 ounce fat-free or low-fat cheese
  • Each serving. 80-110 calories, 12 g carbohydrate, 8 g protein, 0-3 g fat

Fruits.  Choose 4-5 per day the selection is endless!    

  • Apple, Apricots, Berries, Banana, Grapes, Melons, Orange, Pear, Plums, Prunes
  • Each serving.  60 calories, 15 g carbohydrate, 0 g protein, 0 g fat

Various Vegetables!  Choose 5-7 per day          

  • Artichokes, Avocado, Peppers, Zucchini, Cucumbers, Mushrooms,Eggplants, Asparagus, Legumes, Broccoli.
  • 1/2 cup cooked (season with garlic parsley and oil), Grilled, or Raw vegetables
  • Each serving.  25 calories, 5 g carbohydrate, 2 g protein, 0 g fat
    1 cup raw thick green leafy greens

Whole grains for bread, cereals, pasta, rice .  Choose 4-6 servings per day.

  •  Whole Grains, Choose Aunt Millies breads.
  • 1 slice whole grain bread
  • 1/2 wheat or multi-grain bagel, or English muffin
  • 1 ounce cold cereal (Bran)
  • Oatmeal for breakfast. (Quaker Oatmeal steel cut. Avoid 1 minute oatmeal)
  • 1/2 cup cooked whole grain pasta, rice, noodles, or other grains
  • Each serving. 80 calories, 15 g carbohydrate, 3 g protein, 1-3 g fat

Fat and oils.  Choose 2-3 servings per day

  • Each serving.  45 calories, 0 g carbohydrate, 0 g protein, 5 g fat.
    No Trans Fat (hydrogenated oils)
    1 teaspoon monounsaturated oil, such as Canola, Corn, EVOO, or Peanut
    1 tablespoon salad dressing (vinagrette)
    1 tbsp MCT Oil

By:  K. Crocker

Literature Research

  1.  Diet Low Sodium Meal Plan
  2. VLDL http://www.crlcorp.com/testDetails.cfm?facilityID=TLS&testID=510
  3. VLDL Dr. Ginsberg  http://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/569664av
  4. LDL Harvard University  http://www.health.harvard.edu/newsweek/Understanding_Cholesterol.htm
  5. Ginger reduces LDL Cholesterol  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?term=ginger%20reduces%20ldl
  6. Cinnamon reduces LDL Cholesterol http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14633804
  7. Honey Reduces Cholesterol http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18454257
  8. Calculate Cholesterol Ratio  http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cholesterol-ratio/AN01761

Calorie Shifting Fad and Facts

Foods to Reduce Bloating & Promote Diet   

 Tea’s Body Healing and Weight Loss

 Benefits of Lemon Water 

Consider this question, “Who invented the word DIET?” Its origin has evolved over time and spelling varies with language, Old French diete taken from Latin diaeta: “A day’s journey, or a day’s meeting / assembly”;  from Greek diaita derived from diaitan: “Mode of living” or to direct one’s own life“.  The word “diet” was intended to describe a day’s journey or meeting, or ability to take control of one’s own life. Within the origin of the word rests an implication of our own individual daily needs and how we utilize that to effectively and efficiently run our lives and hopefully enjoying that moment at a table with others!

Today Diet’s are promoted by healthcare provider’s, encouraging quick weight loss, in order to ensure an individual of surgery with reduced amount of risk to them while undergoing the “knife”.  Sometimes the “diet’s” are given and the measures of weight loss are drastic! The individual is carefully monitored on a weekly basis with bio-markers constantly reviewed. Bio-markers that are watched with greatest of attention are: Liver enzymes, muscle loss, bone loss, various hormones, lungs, heart, urine. All which are critical to understanding the health of the body as it endures change.

Should we be calling it “Lifestyle” instead of “Diet”? A concept that needs to be enforced in the American Society on a regular basis. What are we eating and why are we eating it? These two questions should be foremost thoughts before picking up the food with the idea of consumption.  Different foods provide a purpose each and every day. There are foods with a higher level of potassium which certain athletes consume on a regular basis, i.e. banana’s, orange’s and peanuts. While other athlete’s in field sports may consume higher level of protein. If an individual is sick, larger amounts of chicken soup, onion and garlic may be necessary. While the sleep deprived may want to consider; warm milk, turkey, chicken and a handful of nuts, all containing tryptophan (amino acid), that converts to serotonin (hormone), providing a more restful sleep. Infections (yeast) can be curved with a 3 glasses of green tea doctored up with honey and cinnamon. 

The idea of having a perfect silhouette is attractive by magazine standards. How one gets there should be done with caution, listening to ones own personal needs and under the careful eye of a Doctor, or Dietitian.  More importantly, make sure that other’s know that you are making a LIFESTYLE CHANGE so they can root you on and also make sure that you do not go to extremes. Most will confirm that it is more challenging to re-start the eating process for maintenance than losing the weight.

A Lifestyle (diet) of Fish, Vegetables, Multi-Grains contributes to heath & longevity

What should be included in a “Lifestyle Change” is a healthy fat; a daily dose of minerals and vitamins (2-3 tablespoon’s) will contribute to the elasticity of veins, muscles (all organs) and ligament’s. Consider exchanging the bottled salad dressing for extra virgin olive oil when enhancing a plate of mixed greens and tomato’s (Sunflower, Peanut and Coconut are also good fat’s). A high quality fish fat should be included in a meal 3-4 times a week and comes from: salmon, tuna, anchovies, sardines, mackerel all have both omega 3 and omega 6. Animal fat should be kept at a minimal of 2-3 times a week (aiming for a 7% animal fat) including: poultry, red meats, pork. Dairy fat’s are solid at room temperature, therefore must be consumed in smaller amounts daily: Butter (1 teaspoon), Cheese (1 ounce daily), Milk (skim or 1% 2-3 cups a day), Ice Cream (low fat 1/2 cup sparingly).

Below is listed a three day Calorie Shifting meal plan. Please note that the CS diet is NOT recommended or promoted.   This is all you would eat in three days!!! It lacks daily serving requirement’s of: fruit, 5 vegetables, a healthy fat, multi-grains (B vitamins i.e. folic acid for the brain & central nervous system) all critical to maintaining a healthy body.

Day 1

Meal #1: Scrambled Eggs Meal

Meal #2: Sandwich (any type)

Meal #3: Flavored Oatmeal

Meal #4: Tuna Salad

Day 2:

Meal #1: Cottage Cheese

Meal #2: Scrambled Eggs [and] Mixed Vegetables

Meal #3: Chicken

Meal #4: Banana Milk Shake

Day 3:

Meal #1: Chicken

Meal #2: Fish Fillet

Meal #3: Cottage Cheese

Meal #4: Fruit Salad

HOLD ON!  Not all is doom and gloom….

The following MEAL PLAN is recommended for anyone and provides the daily intake of minerals and nutrients that your body needs to stay strong and healthy.  You can absolutely lose weight on this diet!  It’s loaded with fruits, vegetables (which burn the most calories when metabolically broke down), grains, protein and fat.  Most do not realize that eating vegetables is a trick to weight loss, due to the amount of energy your body utilizes to them breakdown.  As with any food that one consumes, read the food label to understand what a serving size is before over loading your plate and understand your meal plan when preparing your grocery list.

Follow the catagory on the left column for fruit, vegetable, meat, or bread.  The right side of the column provide just a few suggested food items.  (LS or Low Sodium is heighly recommended for weightloss.)  Vegetarians may choose meat substitutes, Tofu, beans, nuts or eggs.

Breakfast
Bread or Cereal…. Oatmeal LS, Total Cereal, Cheerios
Fruit…………………..Apple, Orange, Pear, Apricot, Banana, Cherries, Berries
Milk……………………Skim or 1% (8 oz), Low or nonfat Yogurt

Snack am
fruit (1-2 of choice.  1 fruit is 1 serving size), or Blend 2-3 Fruits with 4 oz OJ 

Lunch
Vegetable……………Cole Slaw, Green Salad, Veggie Salad, Pepper sticks, Broccoli, Cucumber
Vegetable……………LS Cream of Potato Soup  (Choice of Soup, Salad, Vegetable)
Meat (3 ounces)………Tuna, Turkey, Herring, Salmon, Beef, Chicken
Vegetable…………..(Any) Twice baked sweet potato, Aparagus saute’ EVOO and Garlic

Fruit……………… …Fruit Salad or Fruit of Choice, (Avocado and Tomato seasoned, EVOO)

Snack pm
1 0z …………………..nuts or seeds (unsalted)
Milk…………………. 1% Skim or 4-6 oz low or nonfat yogurt

Dinner
Meat (3 Ounces)………………. Chicken Patty, Pork, Beef, Fish, Turkey,
Bread……………… (Bread is optional.  Choose whole grain or wheat bread.)
Vegetable………..Lettuce, tomato and onion (cooked or raw)
Vegetable……….. Baked beans
Fruit………………. Kiwi-Strawberry or a 
 LS, Reduced sugar content Dessert acceptable i.e. Sherbert

Do your research before starting on a Meal Plan and altering your dietary intake.  Remember to consult with your Doctor or Dietitian so that you can make the necessary changes to a healthier lifestyle.  For more info on how to enhance Lifestyle Change read: “How to nutritionally and effectively Down Shift to 1350 Calories per day”; “How Tea’s effect weightloss” and Flatten your Tummy for a Poolside Silohouette“.   

By: Kimberly Crocker-Scardicchio

Literature Research

http://www.healthalternatives2000.com/fruit-nutrition-chart.htmlhttp://www.cancerhelp.org.uk/help/default.asp?page=116#stemhttp://www.ifanca.org/newsletter/2002_07.htmhttp://ezinearticles.com/?Calorie-Shifting-Meal-Plan&id=870062http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15930970?ordinalpos=4&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_RVDocSumhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17412526?ordinalpos=3&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_RVDocSum

Burning Calories and Eating Healthy, Lifestyle Change!

The following MEAL PLAN is recommended for anyone and provides the daily intake of minerals and nutrients that your body needs to stay strong and healthy.  You can absolutely lose weight on this diet!  It’s loaded with fruits, vegetables, grains, protein and fat.  Most do not realize that eating vegetables is a trick to weight-loss, due to the amount of energy your body utilizes to metabolically break them down. 

As with any food that one consumes, read the food label to understand what a serving size is before over loading your plate and understand your meal plan when planning your grocery shopping list. 

Follow the suggested catagory on the left column for fruit, vegetable, meat, or bread.  The right side of the column provides just a few suggested food items.  (LS or Low Sodium is heighly recommended for weightloss.)  Vegetarians may choose meat substitutes, Tofu, beans, nuts or eggs.

Breakfast
Bread or Cereal…. Oatmeal LS, Total Cereal, Cheerios
Fruit…………………..Apple, Orange, Pear, Apricot, Banana, Cherries, Berries
Milk……………………Skim or 1% (8 oz), Low or nonfat Yogurt

Snack am
fruit (1-2 of choice.  1 fruit is 1 serving size), or Blend 2-3 Fruits with 4 oz OJ 

Lunch
Vegetable……………Cole Slaw, Green Salad, Veggie Salad, Pepper sticks, Broccoli
Vegetable……………LS Cream of Potato Soup  (Choice of Soup, Salad, Vegetable)
Meat (3 ounces)………Tuna, Turkey, Herring, Salmon, Beef, Chicken
Vegetable…………..(Any) Twice baked sweet potato, Aparagus saute’ EVOO & Garlic

Fruit……………… …Fruit Salad or Fruit of Choice, (Avocado & Tomato seasoned, EVOO)

Snack pm
1 0z …………………..nuts or seeds (unsalted)
Milk…………………. 1% Skim or 4-6 oz low or nonfat yogurt

Dinner
Meat (3 Ounces)………………. Chicken Patty, Pork, Beef, Fish, Turkey,
Bread……………… (Bread is optional.  Choose whole grain or wheat bread.)
Vegetable………..Lettuce, tomato and onion (cooked or raw)
Vegetable……….. Baked beans
Fruit………………. Kiwi-Strawberry or a 
 LS, Reduced sugar content Dessert acceptable i.e. Sherbert

Do your research before starting on a Meal Plan and altering your dietary intake.  Remember to consult with your Doctor or Dietitian so that you can make the necessary changes to a healthier lifestyle. Include various types of exercise (walk, bike swim, roller blade, team sports) to promote bone, muscle and metal health. 

For more information on how to enhance Lifestyle Change read: “How to nutritionally and effectively Down Shift to 1350 Calories per day”; “How Tea’s effect weightloss” and Flatten your Tummy for a Poolside Silohouette“.  There are a few respectable weightloss programs such as USANA’s Macro Optimizer, Reset,  which provides nutritional supplements, so that you can achieve your goal weight effectively.  Check out the various types of Meal Plans and if you should (Avoid Sports Drinks?)  It’s a 310 calorie article you don’t want to miss!

By: Kimberly Crocker-Scardicchio

Literature Research

http://www.healthalternatives2000.com/fruit-nutrition-chart.htmlhttp://www.cancerhelp.org.uk/help/default.asp?page=116#stemhttp://www.ifanca.org/newsletter/2002_07.htmhttp://ezinearticles.com/?Calorie-Shifting-Meal-Plan&id=870062http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15930970?ordinalpos=4&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_RVDocSumhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17412526? ordinalpos=3&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed

Weightloss! Easy Diet, Keep it Off!

It’s official, Spring and weightloss is putting us on the scale!  The quickest way to lose weight is to consume VEGETABLES, thereby, giving your body the opportunity to work at breaking down the soluble fiber and nutrients, while increasing the body’s metabolism.  

4 servings Fruits,

5-6 servings Vegetables,

2 servings of 3 oz meat, poultry or fish,

2 servings EVOO (Extra Virgin Olive Oil),

4-5 servings your choice:  grains, pasta, rice or bread,

1-2 servings skim or 1% milk

Additional studies published in “The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition” put forth the results of a randomized study that compared a “reduced fat diet (RF)” and a “reduced fat intake and increased fruit and vegetable intake (RF+FV)”.  The study concluded that the greater weightloss after six months was sharply noticed with the combination diet of RF+FV, by 1/3 more total weightloss!  “Reducing dietary energy density, particularly by combining increased fruit and vegetable intakes with decreased fat intake, is an effective strategy for managing body weight while controlling hunger.”  Additionally, they noted that maintenance of the weightloss was also more prevalent, “The 2 strategies for reducing energy density that were tested in this trial were both effective in reducing body weight and maintaining weight loss without prescribing limits for energy or fat intake.”  Other studies, such as the Dash Diet, TLC Diet and Mediterranean Diet concur that combining the RF+FV is the healthiest and most effective way to go. Don’t forget to exercise 20 minutes a day to encourage increased weightloss.

Find your Dietary Meal Plan here:

TRY SOME “NEW TO YOU” FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 

FRUITS

Apricots: Dried, cooked, unsweetened 1/2 cup
Banana, raw 1 medium
Clementines, raw 2 small 
Grapefruit juice: Canned or frozen, unsweetened 3/4 cup
Fresh 3/4 cup Honeydew melon, Cantaloupe
Nectarine, raw 1 medium
Orange juice: 6 ounces
Peaches: Dried, cooked, unsweetened 1/2 cup
Pears: Dried, uncooked 1/2 cup, Pear Juice
Pomegranate, raw 1 medium
Prunes, dried, cooked, unsweetened 1/2 cup
Raspberries, Strawberries, Blackberries, Blueberries, Gogi Berries,
Raisins, Craisins 1/4 cup
Watermelon, raw About 1 3/4 cups diced

Grilled Mango and Pineapple Sticks

VEGETABLES

Artichoke, globe (french), cooked 1 medium
Asparagus, cooked 1/2 cup, Raw 1 cup
Beans: Green, carrot sticks (steamed, add garlic, salt pepper, EVOO) 1/2 cup
Lentils (Lebanese or Jordanian style), cooked 1/2 cup
Cauliflower, cooked 1/2 cup, Raw 1 cup
Kale Chips (chopped, salt, pepper EVOO. 7 min. 400 bake oven) 1/2 cup
Corn, cooked 1/2 cup
Fennel cooked 1/2 cup, Raw 1cup
Grilled Portabella Mushrooms, 1/2 cup
Peas, green, cooked 1/2 cup, also frozen / thawed
Plantain, green or ripe, boiled 1 medium
Potato: Baked or boiled, with or w/o skin 1 medium
Pumpkin, cooked 1/2 cup
Rutabaga, cooked 1/2 cup
Spinach Salad with 4 olives 1/2 cup
Squash, winter, cooked, mashed 1/2 cup
Sweet-potato: Baked 1 medium or Boiled 1 medium
Cherry Tomatoes 4,Tomatoes: Raw 1 med., Tomato juice, canned 3/4 c.

 

By: Kimberly Crocker

Literature Research

http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/558708

Define Carb Counting for Easy Weightloss

Counting carbs.   1 Carb count= 15 grams of Carbohydrate!  It is an easy way to do Nutritional Math at any given time.  FOR A COMPLETE LIST follow this link: http://dtc.ucsf.edu/pdfs/FoodLists.pdf

We can learn about counting carbs and balancing our dietary intake from those who suffer from diabetes.  Carb Counting is a meal planning method commonly used for people with diabetes, but can also be used in meal plansto achieve weightloss. Balancing the carbs you eat with your insulin doses can help you to achieve better blood glucose control.

Where Are the Carbs???
Carbs are found in the following foods and are part of the Carb Food Exchange when counting your daily running tab, reviewed under Nutritional Math.
Fruit, fruit juices (or any food that contains fruit or fruit juices)
Milk, ice cream, yogurt (or any food that contains milk)
Breads, cereals, crackers, grains, pasta, rice
Starchy vegetables (such as corn, potatoes, peas or beans)
Sweets (such as cake, candy, cookies, pie)
Sugary foods (such as regular soda, fruit drinks, sherbet)
Beer, wine and mixed drinks

All carbs are created equal!

It is the amount of carb you eat during a meal or snack that is important, not the type of carbFor example:  One cup of vanilla yogurt that has 30 grams of carbs and a sandwich with 30 grams of carbs,  

 both effect blood glucose levels in the same way.

Counting Carbs can be performed one of two ways:

  1. Carb servings 
  2. Carb grams.

One carb serving = roughly 15 grams of carb. 

A gram (g) is a unit of measure used for foods.                                                              Either method can be used and you will also need to recognize portion sizes.  For quick and easy daily help check the glycemic index for an exact number per food serving.

Check you food label under “Total Carbohydrate” to confirm the # of grams in a serving of food.  The general rule of thumb is 1 carb=15 grams (more or less).

1 serving or 1 apple is = 19 carbs

1 serving or 1 orange = 15 carbs

1 serving or 1 cup peas = 11 carbs

1 serving or 1 slice multi-grain bread = 13 carbs

1 serving or 6 oz lean meat, fish = 0 carbs

The foods in the groups listed below contain about 15 grams of carb per serving or choice. Each listed choices will affect your blood glucose level the same.

The following servings are one carb choice = 15 grams of carb

  • 1/2-cup orange juice from the Fruit group
    3/4 cup of cereal from the Bread/Starch group
    1 cup homemade coleslaw from the Vegetable group.

Using Grams, instead of counting servings, allows you to add up the grams of carb in a meal or snack. Grams are located on food labels. Your meal plan may suggest specific amounts of carb grams at each meal or snack.

NUTRITIONAL MATH

In a  2000 calorie diet, 1000 calories should come from carbohydrates. 

There are 4 calories per 1 gram of carbohydrate.

1000 cal/4 cal =250 g carb daily allotment.

250 g/ 15 g = 17 carbs

 Count 17 Carbs each dayin your diet to equal the 1000 calories of carbs.

Now, the other 1000 calories will need to come from Protein and Fat.

35% Fat or 1000 x .35=350 Fat calories

65% Protein or 1000 x .65 or 650 Protein calories

1000 Calories Carbohydrates

350 Calories Fat

   +650 Calories Protein                                                                                                 Total     2000 Calories Daily Intake

FYI  Generally speaking, the size of a sugar molecule that is in fruit, vegetables (fructose) and milk (galactose) is smaller and easier for your body to break down.  Sugar (sucrose), corn syrup and also white bread have a  complexed sugar molecule that is harder for your body to breakdown.  For example a chocolate bar is 30grams or 2 carb count.  Choose Milk, Fruit, Vegetable, Multigrain bread which have a lower 1 carb food exchange as opposed to the chips and candy bars which will have 3 carb food exchange.  It’s about optimizing your nutrient intake.  17 carbs go fast!  This is especially critical for those with Diabetes who will have an over production of insulin to do the job.

For more info

http://www.aspiruslibrary.org/patient_ed/pdf/dec/pe-dec-019.pdf

http://lowcarbmeal.info/

By: Kimberly Crocker