Attention to Reducing your Cholesterol

Reduce Cholesterol and Blood Pressure

New Years with a fresh new start to keep you on your toes and modeling ideal habits for those you love.  Follow these basic steps to reduce your cholesterol and blood pressure, impacting and leading to a stronger lifestyle.

In brief, it’s important to know very basic facts.

  1. The body’s liver makes its own cholesterol everyday.  Cholesterol is a key factor the functionability of our hormones and to the elasticity of our veins and arteries.
  2. HDL is a healthy cholesterol needed to keep our hormones, organs, muscles, veins and arteries operating properly.
  3. LDL is an unhealthy cholesterol when it becomes oxidized.
  4. Reduce Stressful Lifestyle:  walk away from or limit interaction with stress triggers, avoid comfort foods that can contribute to increasing cholesterol. (salty & fried foods, dairy products, red meats)                                                                                                                              

Knowledge to influence better habits

Oxidation of LDL is due to free radicals floating around in our body which are  O+ broken off from degenerating protein called homocysteine. The positively charged oxygen then attaches itself to LDL cholesterol and plaque begins to form in your arteries and veins. Hence forth, why anti-oxidants from fruit and vegetables need to be a part of ones daily intake, to clean up the free radicals.

Check the grocery cart before before bringing home the bacon! LDL cholesterol is established through nutrition and found in hydrogenated fats and animal fat.    Hydrogenated fats can be found in margarine, shortening, cookies, and oil-frying. By switching grocery purchases of high caloric fats for fresh seasonal fruits, you are already stepping up!

It’s easy to do!  Reduce consumption of animal fats, or saturated fats; found in milk, butter, cheese, ice cream, meats and pork.  Although we need a certain amount of meats and fats  they should be consumed in small amounts.  A meat serving is 3-4 ounce (84-112 g) servings consumed once or twice a day, while a fat serving is 2 Tbsp of oil per day

3 Effective Steps to Increase HDL

  1. Walk 30-60 minutes five times a week for a total of 2 1/2-5 hours per week.  Walking twice a day for 20-30 minutes each time will increase your metabolism, strengthen bones, muscles and keep your heart pumping…increasing the HDL cholesterol, which removes LDL cholesterol from your arteries.
  2. Consume foods that increase HDL levels:  Omega-3 rish foods: Extra Virgin Olive Oil, Canola, Walnuts, Almonds, Fish and Fiber.  Fruit and Vegetables , total of 9 1/2 cup servings a day.  Please refer to:  Daily Serving Guidelines.
  3. Beverages that assist in increasing HDL levels: Cleanse your body with lemon water or green/black/white tea throughout the day.  Wine and alcohol in moderation; 1 glass for a woman, 2 glasses for a man.
    Reducing cholesterol levels puts into place the first step to reducing blood pressure. It is important to note that attention to reducing salt levels and increasing potassium intake will impact a decreased blood pressure as well. By establishing a plan to  healthier eating and daily exercise, you will feel stronger sooner than expected!

By: K. Crocker-Scardicchio

References

Heat Up & Cool Down! Foods to Add & Remove in Diet

Feeling ‘overheated’  emotionally or physically? Lack of daily movement or what you eat can both contribute to the sense of being warmer than usual.   Addressing the  behaviors that  lead to emotions of anger, depression and stress, all result in negatively heating the body. Headaches, sleepless nights, skin flare-ups, irritability are all examples of how the body heats up as a direct response to stress. Continuing on a declining path will create physical heath conditions: heart attack, stroke, cancer, etc.

Best Exercise for Managing Stress
Walking, swimming, bicycling, yoga and golf are good examples that contribute to relieving or cooling down an individual so that emotional stress is controlled through physical activity. Exercise  increases the endorphins within the brain so  the blood pumping, energy is restored and you will feel more focused.  It can be as simple as a 30 minutes of movement per day!

How Stress Affects Hormones
Choosing to stay on an unenthusiastic  cycle alternates both stress hormones adrenaline and cortisol and how they function in the body. Adrenaline and cortisol when adversely effected influence changes in our blood pressure and cholesterol levels, stimulating the ghrelin hormone (hunger) that promotes an excessive appetite and depresses the leptin hormone that signals satiety in the stomach!  Appetites have now been re-defined.

Foods that Promote Over-Eating
Avoid spices, condiments, drinks , and certain foods that promote over eating when facing stress: fried, greasy or oily foods, margarine, black pepper, chilies, cinnamon, nutmeg, ginger, garlic, onion, salad dressings, rosemary, white and brown sugar,  white flour, wine, beer, coffee.
Reduce amounts of:  salt, red meat, chicken (4 ounces 2-3 times a week),  cheese (1 oz q/day).  Poor quality fats clog arteries and lead  to heart disease. Calcium and magnesium uptake interference  can be altered by an excess of certain meats spices and drinks, having a negative effect on calming and cooling the body. A deficiency of magnesium leads to anxiety and hyperness.

Dietary Solution to Control Stress 
Fats in the diet must be high quality in order to maintain healthy organs and vascular system, use: fish oils, extra virgin olive, grape seed, flax seed , almond oils. Introduce foods that promote calcium, magnesium absorption, anti-oxidants and polyphenols.
Best food preparation: Grilled, Braised, lightly boiled (7 minutes), steamed.
Consume raw vegetables, fruits (remove citrus fruits if they create digestive problems), berries, nuts, whole grains, yogurt and seafood. Include salads, melons, cucumbers and bitter greens (broccoli, arugula, celery dandelion, basil, parsley, cilantro) which are full of water and needed for calming and cooling the body. Eat plants that are in season for optimal nutrition. Consider pomegranates as way to intake resveratrol protein which helps raise HDL cholesterol and reduce red wine intake. Add decaffeinated black, green and white teas as a way to hydrate and include anti-oxidants and reduce caffeine.

Daily and Weekly Diet
Consuming breakfast is critical for energy and initiating the metabolism and should not be skipped. 5-6 small meals are necessary for proper maintenance of a healthy individual, light evening meals eaten 4 hours before bedtime to optimize a restful sleep.  Daily intake of  nutrition should include: 4 servings of fruit, 5 servings of vegetables, 1 ounce (28 g) cheese,  3-4 weekly servings fish, 2 weekly servings meat, multi-grain breads, pasta rice, 1-2 servings soy or lowfat milk, 6 cups water (250 ml).

By incorporating a healthy diet and managing stress through exercise hormonal balance can be achieved. While the initial steps can be put into place by you, communicate any dietary or physical activity changes to your doctor so that your overall health can be observed and guided as needed.

By: Kim Crocker

Hyper & Hypothyroidism and Nutritional Therapy

An ultra sound of the thyroid gland

Common expressions:   “I am so tired” and  “I feel cold”.  We can thank the small gland that’s wrapped around the trachea, our thyroid for various sensations. This small butterfly organ has 3 principle functions: cellular differentiation, growth and metabolism. Two key hormones (thyroxine) promotes the body’s growth & development and with help from the parathyroid gland, there’s bone formation and control of calcium in the blood (hormone calcitonin). The small double lobed gland claims to fame are also attributed to: sleep patterns, weight maintenance, moods, immune system, muscle agility and heart rate, etc.                                                                                     

While the thyroid is busy deciding how it will control the bodies energy, there may be an over production of the thyroid hormone (autoimmune disease or Graves Disease) it’s called Hyperthyroidism. Other causes linked to hyperthyroidism may be attributed to inflammation, nodules or tumors on the thyroid. You may notice an increased heat rate with exercise and excessive sweating with or without exercise.

There maybe a time  in it’s lifespan that the thyroid hormone output is reduced, called Hypothyroidism. Some of the initial symptoms are: weight gain with no change in diet or exercise, depression, and exhaustion.  The negative effects of untreated hypothyroidism are: increased cholesterol levels, strokes, cardio vascular disease and the immune system that turns on the body first attacking the thyroid itself (Hashimoto Disease). THE GOOD NEWS is that hypothyroidism is easily treated through daily medication.

Typical reference ranges for normal thyroids

Test From To Units
TSH 0.4 4.5 mU/L (milliunits per litre)
FT4 9.0 25.0 pmol/L (picomoles per litre)
FT3 3.5 7.8 pmol/L (picomoles per litre)

These ranges are only a guide. The reference range for FT4 in particular does currently vary between methods and so any ‘typical’ reference range quoted will be subject to method and local interpretation

Test results outside the reference range

  • high SH level with a low FT4 level: Hypothyroidism (under-active thyroid)
  • low TSH level with a high FT4 level and a high FT3 level: Hyperthyroidism (over-active thyroid)
  • Abnormal TSH levels together with normal FT4 levels indicate you may be at risk of developing a thyroid disorder
  • A low TSH levels together with a low FT4 levels can indicate a disorder of the pituitary gland

SYMPTOMS OF MALFUNCTIONING THYROID  can be noticed at any age and can even be misinterpreted as signs of aging;

Diagnosis. After a blood diagnosis, your doctor will prescribe a medication that you will take every morning, so that your thyroid wakes up in the morning with you, one hour after taking the medication you may eat. Within 2 weeks to 2 months, most symptoms will go away and your energy will return. The medication is something that you will take the rest or your life, a small price to pay for remaining healthy. “As of February 2010, at most laboratories in the U.S., the official “normal” reference range for the Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) blood test runs from approximately .5 to 4.5/5.0 according to the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists.
MEDICATION INTAKE  will make a difference in homeostasis. The time of day that you take your “Synthroid” can influence how you feel, level of alertness, how you sleep and stability in weight. Studies performed show that medication taken at bedtime allows for proper absorption of the medication, without interference from nutritional minerals that could otherwise alter it’s function. Changing the time of day that you take your medication should be discussed with your Doctor.  For observation purposes they may have the switch made after a blood draw in order to better control the variables and achieve accurate documentation of the TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone).

NUTRIENTS

There are several nutrients that play key roles in the thyroid gland and the thyroid hormone function: zinc, copper, iodine, selenium and omega-3 fats. A multi-vitamin along with eating foods high in these minerals, is essential for normal thyroid hormone production and metabolism.

Dietary sources of zinc include: seafood, beef, oatmeal, chicken, liver, spinach, nuts and seeds.

Copper is mainly found in liver and other organ meats, eggs, yeast, beans, nuts and seeds.

Iodine is also an important building block for thyroid hormone.  Nutritional sources of iodine include sea fish, sea vegetables (kelp, dulse, hijiki, nori and kombu) and iodized salt.  Iodine is such a key component of thyroid health. 

FOODS TO LIMIT.  A high LDL Cholesterol number accompanied by a high Triglyceride number is linked to Insulin resistance, often noted with hypothyroidism. Foods that should be eliminated: white flour, white sugar, rice, pasta, bread, corn, potatoes (all types), cereal, desserts, dairy products, meat, citrus fruits. Caffeine, calcium should be consumed in limited amounts.   Goitrogen foods are also able to block iodine, therefore, utilization of these foods should be limited. They include:turnips, cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, mustard, cassava root, soybeans, peanuts, pine nuts and millet, (peaches and strawberries may also interfere). Cooking, however, usually inactivates goitrogens.

BEST FOODS to promote metabolism: Sour fruits (kiwi, juice of fresh lemon), pears, apples, plums, fish, turkey, chicken, legumes and vegetables.

Selenium.  One of the best natural sources of selenium is Brazil Nuts. Selenium is an important mineral that contributes to the health of the thyroid. 1 ounce of nuts a day will benefit the small gland.

Omega-3 fatty acids will also contribute to normal thyroid function, which can be found in fish and fish oils, as well as vitamin A, which improves thyroid receptor binding and thyroid hormone activity.

Tyrosine, an amino acid and a precursor for making thyroid hormoneA deficiency of tyrosine or low protein diets can contribute to low thyroid function.  Check with your doctor if supplementation at a dose of 500-1,500 milligrams (mg) daily, which has therapeutic benefits, is needed.

Exercise. Daily exercise stimulates thyroid gland function and increases tissue sensitivity to thyroid hormone.  Try walking, biking, dancing at least 20 minutes a day.  However, walking 30 minutes twice a day, seems to encourage both the fuctionability of the thyroid and weight loss versus weight gain normally associated with hypothyroidism. While with hyperthyroidism an exercise regimen should be advised by a doctor in order to monitor a fast heart rate.

By Kimberly Crocker

References

OMG !!! & Other Popular Diets

A well written article by Emily Jupp on June 12, 2012 for The Independent, in which she  pursues the challenge of the OMG Diet and attentively documents her journey, discusses what the facts are, and her overall impression about this latest diet. Thank You Emily for allowing me to share your story!

“You’ve heard of Dukan, scoffed fat on Atkins, fainted from drinking only honey and lemon water and lost friends from the noxious side-effects of the cabbage diet. Now there’s a new one, this time designed to inspire jealousy and help you to “get skinnier than all your friends”. Six Weeks to OMG comes out in print next month. It has knocked the Dukan Diet off the top of the iTunes diet book chart and a subsidiary of Penguin has bought it for a seven-figure sum.

The book, by British sports scientist and personal trainer Paul Khanna, who goes by the pen name Venice A Fulton, offers controversial tips, such as skip breakfast, take cold baths and drink black coffee. But for short-term weight loss, can the OMG diet really help you shed pounds? Consultant Dietitian and Sports Nutritionist Linia Patel, Dr Christian Jessen, the presenter of the Bafta award-winning Embarrassing Bodies series, and the celebrity fitness trainer Jay Darrell Ingleton explain the science behind Fulton’s unconventional theories. I’ve also given Fulton’s tips a try, in a (highly unscientific) experiment, to see how tough they are to stick to.

Skip breakfast……What do I do for energy?

Fulton says skipping breakfast will help to stop you becoming a “fadult” (that’s a fat adult to you and me). “Breakfast is for wimps!”, he writes. He recommends exercising first thing in the morning on an empty stomach and then only eating once three hours have passed, so that your body is forced to burn stored fat rather than food.

The expert view: “Skipping breakfast is a weight-loss disaster,” says Patel. “When you wake up your body produces cortisol, a stress hormone that helps store fat. If you don’t eat, you are putting your body under more strain and stress and therefore more likely to gain weight around the middle. Also, you will want sugary and fatty things when you’re really hungry, which add to weight gain.”

My experience: I skipped breakfast and still had enough energy to run up the stairs on the underground (my “workout”). It didn’t affect my concentration and I ate breakfast at 10am. It was easy, but I consumed exactly the same amount that I usually eat, so I doubt it made much impact on my weight.

Drink black coffee before exercise

Fulton says the caffeine in a cup of black coffee will help to boost your exercise routine: “It’s nature’s cheap and secret potion,” he writes. But he warns against adding any milk or sugar to your drink, because “either would tell your body that food’s arriving,” which, in theory, will prevent it from burning its fat stores.

The expert view: Dr Christian Jessen says coffee can help, but there’s no secret trick to it. “After 12 hours or more of filming, mustering the energy to get to the gym can be hard,” he says. “Coffee gives me the energy to just about squeeze in a workout. It’s a stimulant and that’s what I use it for, but it doesn’t make your workout more efficient.” He also warns that liquids contain calories too. “People forget fluids such as the Starbucks coffee mocha creamy coffee thing can be high in calories. Adding milk and sugar to coffee will add to your intake. Remember your hard work in the gym is lessened by a highly calorific drink beforehand.”

My experience: It made me feel more energetic, which probably helped to psyche myself up for the gym.

Take cold baths….How Cold?

Fulton recommends taking baths of between 15C and 20C to “help you lose calories fast”. He says the cold boosts adrenaline, which he says is particularly good for burning the fat stored in women’s thighs.

The expert view: Ingleton says that a lot of athletes will take ice baths to help their muscles recover. “When athletes do it after a workout it gets blood to the muscles quicker. It has to be freezing otherwise it won’t work, but the author is not saying go to that extent. Also I don’t think everyone will be working out like a top body-builder. For normal people, it probably won’t make much difference to weight-loss.”

My experience: I opt for a cold shower, which is horrible. It feels like my body is in shock and makes my heart race. Afterwards, my skin looks bright and glowing and my clothes feel really warm, but the results don’t outweigh the awfulness. I couldn’t stick to it every day for six weeks.

OMG DIET says, “Eat less fruit” …..REALLY?                                                                                                                

Fulton says you should eat as little as one piece of fruit a day during the diet period, although after the six weeks are up he encourages more balance in your diet.

“Fruit can be a cheeky devil,” he says, because it contains fructose, which can turn to fat if it isn’t burnt off.

The expert view: “It’s all about calories,” says Patel. “We recommend you eat five pieces of fruit and veg a day, but if you want to lose weight have more vegetables than fruit, as fruit is more calorific. It’s ridiculous to just eat one piece of fruit a day for six weeks, because you’re losing out on essential vitamins and minerals.”

My experience: I replaced fruit with colourful salads and felt fine, but I missed having a late afternoon snack and bought a coffee loaded with honey instead of fruit – Fulton wouldn’t approve.

Swap Vegetables for Coke….. WHY?

Fulton says eating unhealthily in the short-term is OK if it makes you thin. “[For some people] to get skinny”, he writes,”it makes no difference whether they get their daily carbs from cans of Coke or from broccoli… for six to 12 weeks there’s no harm in using this knowledge to get super-skinny.”

The expert view: Patel says: “Broccoli is a fibrous carb that helps digestion and gives you nutrients. If you lay off fibrous carbs like bread, pasta and vegetables then you will be constipated with no energy.”

My experience: I’m far too fond of vegetables and regular bowel movements to attempt this one.

The Truth about Duelling diets

If you don’t like the sound of OMG, there are other diets that also promise fast weight-loss, but Dr Jessen warns that we shouldn’t expect miracles: “Coming off the diet and coming back to normal is when the weight can pile back on. Dieting should be about taking a healthy, sensible approach that will work in the long-term. Don’t try to cut everything out at once. Life is about enjoyment, too, and that’s why you work hard, so you can indulge in a cheeky cake in the afternoon if you fancy.”

The Headspace Diet:

10 Days to Finding Your Ideal Weight (Hodder & Stoughton). This is where you think deeply about every mouthful you eat and therefore, the theory goes, consume less.

“Being mindful while you eat is great, as most people tend to eat until they are stuffed,” Patel says. “It takes about 20 minutes for the stomach to signal to the brain its full – but most of us can polish off two platefuls in less than 10 minutes!” But she warns that this diet has its risks. “Eating a tiny portion each meal, you would risk not getting in enough nutrients to keep you healthy.”

The Baby Food Diet

This involves just eating jars of baby food in place of your normal, adult-size meals.

“Baby food is full of nutritious vitamins, which are easily digestible,” Ingleton says. But he warns it’s hard to feel satisfied with the lack of texture, and it’s easy to go over the three-to-four jar allowance and overeat.

The Raw Food Diet

“The raw food diet contains fewer trans fats and saturated fats than general Western diets and it can lead to weight loss and may give you more energy,” Ingleton says. He warns that there is a risk that the diet lacks some essential vitamins and fatty acids, so you would need to take vitamin supplements.

The Blood Group Diet

Devised by Peter J D’Adamo, this is when you cut out dairy, meat, wheat or grains depending on your blood type.

“There is no reasonable scientific basis for this,” Ingleton says. Patel agrees: “You risk getting an unbalanced diet if you are cutting out a whole food group.”

The Dukan Diet

Like the Atkins diet, the Dukan diet involves eating mostly protein for a few weeks and then gradually introducing other foods.

“It’s a high-protein diet, so while it might work for some to kick-start weight loss it won’t work for all, as it’s hard to cut out carbs,” Patel says. “You risk having low energy.””

Read Your Palm, Determine Your Diet

Open hand, read your palm to know your serving size of meat.

Read your own palm and know your personal dietary needs. An open flat palm (don’t include the fingers) shows the size of meat, poultry or fish that YOU should consume. The thickness and the length of the palm perfectly identifies your personal protein needs. While an individual’s fist size (closed hand) can give you your own serving size for fruit and vegetables.

Your fist size determines your own single serving.

Clear the confusion over serving size, don’t let it upset your apple cart and ruin your diet! By better understanding what a serving size may look like, consider these unique tips to trigger your memory the next time your prepare a meal, or go out to eat a restaurant. Ones body can tell an individual how they must eat to meet their own individual needs. Remember, in order to not over eat, drink (245 ml) 1 glass of water before your meal and another during the meal.

Serving Sizes: Use the list below to measure foods and serving sizes. A serving size means the size of food after it is cooked or prepared.

  • 1 teaspoon (tsp) is about the size of the tip of your little finger (from the last crease)
  • 1 tablespoon (Tbsp) is about the size of the tip of your thumb (from the last crease).
  • 2 tablespoons (Tbsp) is about the size of a large walnut.
  • One ounce of hard cheese is about a 1 inch cube.
  • 3 ounces of cooked meat, fish, or poultry is about the size of a deck of cards.
  • 1 ounce of cooked meat, fish, or poultry is about 1/4 cup (c).
  • 1/2 cup of fruit or vegetables is about half of a fist (A serving of cooked vegetables is 1/2 cup (1/2 handful) or 1 cup (1 handful) raw.)
  • 1 cup of food is the size of a fist, or 8 fluid ounces of liquid.
  • 1-1/2 cup (12 fluid ounces) of liquid is the size of 1 soda-pop can.
  • 1 pint or 2 cups (16 fluid ounces) of liquid is the size of 1-1/3 soda-pop cans.

The American Dietetic Association counsels that individuals maintain a healthy lifestyle by
including the following into their dietary intake:

  • 4 Serving Fruits
  • 5 Servings Vegetables
  • 2 Servings of Milk
  • 2 Servings of Protein
  • 2 Servings of Healthy Fat (2 Tbsp of Extra Virgin Olive or Canola Oil)
  • 6-11 Servings of Bread (Determined by body size; men eat more bread servings, while women eat less.)
Be smart and plan each meal! When choosing foods, aim for a daily total of 25-38 grams of fiber that will come from Vegetable, Fruit and Multi-Grains.
By: Kimberly Crocker- Scardicchio

References

Satisfying 1200 Calorie Diet

A 3 Step Plan to Achieving a 1200 Calorie Diet Can Work for You!  By loading the calories on the earlier part of the day, then gradually reducing intake, energy is used into the evening.  The suggested plan is for:

  • reducing dietary intake
  • promoting weight loss
  • for the individual who is not physically inclined to move as often.
  • slow metabolism (i.e. hypothyroidism)

Reducing and controlling the intake of energy by cautiously planning meals is easy to do by simply following 3 Steps.

Step 1: Move the higher caloric dinner-time to a lunch menu, allowing energy to be expended over the day instead of packing the calories at night when they can turn to fat quicker, because of less movement and exercise on an individual’s part.

Step 2:  Promote effective digestion by adding: the juice of  a 1/2 lemon freshly squeezed to 1 glass of water and drink the special “lemonade” twice throughout the day.  After meals chew on 6-12 fennel seeds to add: fiber, reduce gas, natural phyto-estrogens and freshens breath.

Step 3: Plan Each Meal, pick and choose your food, aiming for the total suggested calories per snack or meal.

BREAKFAST is important to fueling your day with energy and focus throughout the morning.  Begin your day by drinking 2 glasses of water then choose your menu, aim for 300 calories for breakfast, try to include 1 fruit.

  • 1 egg  (211 calories)
  • Yogurt 1% milk fat 8 ounces (218 calories)
  • Slice multi grain bread (69 calories)
  • 1 tsp Jelly (40 calories)
  • 1 tsp honey (49 calories)
  • Slow cook unflavored oatmeal made with water (14 calories)
  • Glass 1 % Milk 8 ounces (110 calories)
  • Orange Juice 6 ounce (71 calories)
  • 1 Cup coffee (5 calories)
  • 1 fruit (70 calories)
A.M. SNACK time is a way to pick up and recharge allow for 100 calories
  • 1 fruit  is one serving size (tennis ball size), on average varies in 70-85 calories
  • 1/2 ounce of nuts (80 calories)
  • 1/2 ounce sunflower seeds (82 calories)
  • 1 glass water
LUNCH anytime between Noon and 2:00 pm provides a boost to get throughout the day. A larger lunch provides a feeling of satiety that will last to light dinner.  Begin with 1 glass of water then opt for: 1 protein, 1 bread, 2 vegetables, 1 fruit. Aim for 500 Calories.
3 ounces of any protein:
  • Fish (138 calories)
  • Chicken (245 calories)
  • Red Meat (213 calories)
  • Pork (207 calories)
  • 1 cup beans (215 calories)
  • 1 cup lentils (226 calories)
Bread
  • White Rice 1/2 cup cooked (85 calories)
  • Long Grain Brown Rice 1/2 cup cooked (108 calories)
  • Pasta cooked (140 calories)
Vegetables
  • Green Salad (60 calories)
  • 1/4 cup: sliced Carrots or snow peas or beans (25 calories each)
  • 1 tsp olive oil / vinegar dressing (45 calories)
Fruits
  • 1 fruit (70-80 calories)
  • 1/4 cup berries (16 calories)
  • 4 prunes (80 calories)
P.M. SNACK for  a total of 70 Calories
  • 1 fruit (70 calories)
  • 1 glass of water
DINNER time keeps it light. Best time for dinner is when hunger hits. Begin with a glass of water and have dinner between 6:00-8:00 pm allowing for digestion and a full nights sleep. Suggestion: Soup and salad or 2 vegetable and a fruit serving.  Goal is 230 calories, include 1 glass of water before or with dinner.
  • sweet potato baked (115 calorie)
  • 1 cup salad (60 calories)
  • 1 cup vegetable soup (110 calories)
  • roasted pepper and mushrooms with minced garlic and 1/2 tsp olive oil (80 calories)
  • 1 sliced whole red, green, yellow peppers  (37 calories)
  • 1 cup sliced zucchini (20 calories) saute` with 1/2 Tbsp olive oil (80 calories) and minced garlic
  • Saute` or grilled portobello mushroom (80 calories)
  • 1 glass milk (110 calories)

Before bedtime have a glass of water. Allow eight hours of rest to promote additional calorie loss and waking up refreshed and ready to begin a new day!

By: Kimberly Crocker-Scardicchio

  • Lemon Juice:  http://eatknowhow.com/2008/01/28/gas-pains-drink-lemon-water
  • Fennel Seeds: http://eatknowhow.com/2011/12/05/fennel-seeds-to-restore-health

Recommended Daily Intake of Vitamins & Minerals

Recommended daily intake of vitamins and minerals and actual breakdown of Vitamin Content for Vegetables and Fruits with a glance at Mineral Content on Fruit and Vegetables Informative links that nicely graphs the proper milligrams of vitamins and minerals that should be ingested on a day to day basis with warnings about how they may create organ sensitivity or organ damage.

Eat Know How.  Know the Healing Power of Food

Recommended link: Vitamins and Minerals